such....... that, so....... that Unit 10

 

such....... that,  so....... that
 
Örnek cümlelerimizi biraz inceleyelim.
Cinderella is a very beautiful and innocent girl. Steven falls in love with her.
Steven falls in love with Cinderella because she is a very beautiful and innocent girl.
Cinderella is so beautiful that Steven falls in love with her.

 
Cinderella is a clever girl. She will make the right decision.
Cinderella will make the right decision because she is a clever girl.
Cinderella is such a clever girl that she will make the right decision.

 
Gördüğünüz gibi, "so....... that,  such....... that"  ifadeleri sebep-sonuç ilişkisi kurarlar.
We don't want to stay inside because the weather is very good.
The weather is so good  that we don't want to stay inside.
This is such a good weather that we don't want to stay inside.

 

Kullanımlarında ufak bir fark vardır.

 

 
so
 
good
 
that
so
+
sıfat/zarf
+
that
 
 
Such
 
good
 
food
 
that
Such
+
sıfat
+
noun
+
that
 

 

"so....... that" kalıbı kullanılırken, so ile that arasına sadece sıfat (veya sıfatlar) yazılırken,  "such....... that" kalıbında such ile that arasına sıfat tamlaması; yani hem sıfat, hem isim gelmelidir. İngilizce çalışırken, bu iki kalıp arasındaki farkı tekrarlayarak ve pratik yaparak konuyu daha iyi kavrayacağız.

Cinderella is so beautiful that Steven falls in love with her.
Cinderella is such a clever girl that she will make the right decision.
These statements have two parts. One of them is the "reason", and one of them is the "result". In these statements, reason comes before result.
The book, Cinderella, is so interesting that I can finish it in an hour.
Cinderella is such an interesting book that I can finish it in an hour.
Cinderella's stepsisters are so ugly that the prince doesn't want to dance with them in the party.
Cinderella's stepsisters are such ugly girls that the prince doesn't want to dance with them in the party.
Steven is so handsome that all the girls at the party want to dance with him.
Steven is such a handsome boy that all the girls at the party want to dance with him.
Cinderella's father was so ill that he couldn't go to work.
Cinderella's father was such an ill man that  he couldn't go to work.
"such..... that" kullanmak istediğimiz zaman, sadece sıfat değil, bir sıfat tamlaması kullanmamız gerektiğini unutmayalım.

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